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Risk of gum disease increases with hormone changes


Gum health is dependent on many factors, with hormones playing a large part. For women, it's incredibly important to maintain a good oral hygiene routine which incorporates flossing, as hormones are known to fluctuate at different stages of their lives. Surges in hormones occur during puberty, menstrual cycles, using contraceptive pills, pregnancy and menopause. When this surge occurs and hormone levels are high, the blood flow to your gums is increased, making them more sensitive and irritated by any plaque and bacteria present. This irritation causes your gums to become inflamed, swell, and bleed, resulting in a condition known as gingivitis, an early of gum disease. However, gum disease can be prevented and reversed in the early stages, so long as good oral hygiene is maintained.


It’s a good idea to be aware of times in your life when your hormones are changing so you can keep an eye on the health of your gums. Whether gum disease is stopped, slowed or gets worse, depends on how well you care for your teeth and gums every day.


Tips for healthy teeth and gums

  • Brush your teeth twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste and floss once daily

  • Eat a well-balanced diet

  • Avoid sugary or starchy snacks

  • Visit your dentist regularly for a professional clean and examination


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